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Hollywood Photos Website #5

hollywoodphotos.com Website  Part 5

Hollywood Airfield Photos

In 1918,  Cecil B DeMille, founded the Mercury aviation company and built his first airfield, DeMille  field number one, across from the present location of Fairfax high school. Soon to know built a second airfield, DeMille Field #2, and moved his enterprise to the north west corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Crescent Avenue, now Fairfax Avenue.

Mercury aviation operating a fleet of surplus WWI “Jennys” and offered popular sightseeing trips around the area. The airfield feature a gas station at the intersection that fueled automobiles on one side and airplanes on the other side. In May 1921, Mercury launched regular scheduled flights carrying passengers to Santa Catalina Island, San Diego and other locales -  becoming the first scheduled airline with multiple destinations in the world.

Photo of Hollywood Airfield

In 1919, Sydney Chaplin, brother of Charles Chaplin, formed and established the Chaplin Airdrome, also at the intersection of Wilshire Boulevard and Crescent Avenue. Mercury aviation was on the northwest corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Crescent Blvd., while Chaplin  Airdrome was on the southwest corner.  

It was not unusual to see hundreds of automobiles line Wilshire Blvd., between the two airfields, during the airshows that took place at Chaplin Airdrome.  The hollywoodphotos.com website has scores of vintage photographs of both DeMille Field #2 and Chaplin Airdrome.

In April, 1920, only a few months after the Chaplin Airdrome was founded, the airfield was taken over by famed aviator, Emory Rogers, who renamed it Rogers Field. In 1921, Cecil B. DeMille left his field #2 and it, too, was taken over by Emory Rogers.  Unfortunately, Emory Rogers was killed in November, 1921.

Sunset Boulevard Nightclub Photos

Some of this countries most popular and glamorous nightclubs were located on Sunset Boulevard, in Hollywood. A portion of Sunset Boulevard, located in West Hollywood, was commonly known as the Sunset strip. This name was used because that portion of Sunset Boulevard was, actually, in the county of Los Angeles. It was a strip of County land that was surrounded by the city of Los Angeles.

When the motion picture business became the largest industry in Hollywood, salaries for its celebrities began to skyrocket. They were able to afford large homes and were able to go to the finest and most expensive restaurants and nightclubs in Los Angeles. Many, if not most, celebrities lived in Beverly Hills, West LA or in the Hollywood Hills. Therefore, the Sunset strip was ideally located for those willing to patronize expensive and glamorous nightspots.

Photo of Cafe Trocadero

Cafe Trocadero

One of the first lavish nightclubs on the Sunset Blvd. was the Café Trocadero. Opened on September 15, 1934 by its founder, W. R. Wilkerson, the club took over the former La Bohème restaurant at 8610 Sunset Boulevard. The “Troc” as it was popularly called, had dinner dancing and entertainment. Judy Garland, Mary Martin, Martha Raye, Deanna Durbin and Tony Martin were but a few of the many entertainers who performed to a standing room only crowd. A fire in 1936, which completely gutted the interior, forced the club to close. After months of completely rebuilding a larger facility, the nightclub reopened in 1937 under new  ownership. The Café Trocadero continue to be one of Hollywood's most celebrated nightspots until it closed in 1946.

Mocambo photo

Mocambo

Another famous and lavish nightclub, located on Sunset Blvd, was the Mocambo. Founded by Charles Morrison in 1939, the world renowned club had a capacity of 152 to 175 persons and became one of the favored haunts of members of the movie colony. Such stars as Clark Gable, Carole Lombard, Douglas Fairbanks Junior, Norma Shearer, Judy Garland, Rita Hayworth, James Stewart, Errol Flynn, and Victor mature were but a few to call the Mocambo home.Dancing was provided by the club's own orchestra which at times was conducted by Paul Hebert and Eddie Oliver. In addition to the regular orchestra, Harold Stein and his strolling violins played for the customers. Charlie Morrison, who was always at the club greeting his gas, approached the booking of entertainment with a Barnum-like flair. As a result, the club boasted of having some of the top performers, such as Edith Piaf, Billy Daniels and Lena Horne.

Sunday evening was talent night. Marilyn Morrison, Charles Morrison's daughter, interview the talent during the day and selected those who would perform that evening. The Mocambo continue to operate for a short time after Charlie Morrison's death, but it just wasn't the same. Finally, much to the bereavement of its many notable patrons, the club finally close to stores on June 30, 1958.

Photo of Ciro's nightclub

Ciro’s

Two block east of the Mocambo and the Trocadero, was one of the most famous nightclubs in the world — Ciro's. Originally founded by W. Art. Wilkerson ( also the founder of the Trocadero) in 1940, it was located at 8433 Sunset Boulevard. After three years of unsuccessful operation the club was closed. Shortly thereafter, the building was leased to entrepreneur and Herman Hover, who engaged in an extensive remodeling and decorating campaign. The finished product was one of the largest and most lavish nightclubs in the country. He booked such notable entertainers as Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin, Sophie Tucker,  Sammy Davis Junior, Peggy Lee, and Liberace. The popular Hollywood hotspot hates own band, however, occasionally a name band would entertain. Patronized by both theatrical and non-theatrical audiences, their silver was a night when there wasn't a packed house. Beginning in 1945 and continuing for three years, Hover devoted every other Sunday to having wounded war veterans as his guest, without charge, at his club. This became known as “heros at Ciro’s" and many of Hollywood's top entertainers volunteered to perform, without charge.

With the increasing popularity of the Las Vegas shows, Hollywood's nightclubs found it impossible to compete with the enormous salaries paid entertainers by the gambling capital of the world. After more than 15 years of entertaining Hollywood's Who's Who, Ciro’s went out of business in the late 1950s.

Photo of Moulin Rouge

Hollywood Palladium Photos

Four months after beautiful Lana Turner, with a silver shovel, starred in the groundbreaking ceremony for the now world famous Hollywood Palladium. The Hollywood Palladium open its doors on October 31, 1940 and in its almost 40 years of existence and constant refurbishing, the Palladium has played host to more than 38 million people, including a galaxy of famous entertainment stars constitute a veritable Who's Who of the film and television industry. Alice Faye, Phil Harris, Judy Garland, Betty Grable, Harry James, Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, Doris Day, Les Brown, Benny Goodman, Peggy Lee, Woody Herman —  and the list goes on and on, embracing Hollywood's greatest stars.

The Hollywood Palladium, which cost $1,600,000 to construct, was the dream child of Norman Chandler, publisher of the Los Angeles times, and owner of the property. Located on Sunset Boulevard, the Palladian occupies the entire block from Argyle to El Centro.

Five United States presidents and been honored at dinners and banquets at the Palladium. Harry Truman, Dwight D Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard Nixon were guest of honor in the huge dining room. In July 1964, television producer Don Fedderson assumed management and operation of the Palladian, and forth with signed  America's most noted television band leader, Lawrence Welk, to appear weekly at the Palladium.Through the years, the Palladian's doors have never been closed. this is just building has hosted the television Academy and eight award dinners, and Apollo dinner honoring astronauts Tom Stafford, John Young and Eugene Cerna, Deb star balls, sales meetings, trade shows and countless other events. today the Palladium is still in business.

The hollywoodphotos.com website has thousands of vintage photographs of the Hollywood Airfields, Cafe Trocadero, Mocambo, Ciro’s and the Palladium. All the photos are available for purchase.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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